Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder is characterized by significant "lows," or depressive episodes, and "highs," or manic episodes.  These highs and lows are more extreme than the normal ups and downs most people experience and can impact people's relationships, work performance, sleep and appetite, and emotional health.  The symptoms last at least one week and often affect an individual's ability to think clearly.  There are two types of Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder.  In Bipolar II Disorder, the manic and depressive episodes are not as severe or extreme and can sometimes be missed by the individual and even their family and friends, as the manic episodes can sometimes present as overconfidence, productivity, and improved mood.

Symptoms of Depression

  • Disturbances in sleep and appetite
  • Feelings of irritability or anger
  • Loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities or in the baby
  • Tearfulness and feelings of sadness
  • Feelings of guilt and shame
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Thoughts of harming yourself or the baby

Symptoms of Mania

  • Inflated self-esteem and grandiosity
  • More talkative than normal or speaking very fast
  • Racing thoughts
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Increase in goal-directed activity
  • Impulsive or risky behavior
  • Irritability and agitation


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